The History Book Club - THE FIRST WORLD WAR: MIDDLE EASTERN THEATER: (CAUCASUS - MESOPOTAMIA - SINAI AND PALESTINE - GALLIPOLI - PERSIA) Showing 1-50 of 79
This section contains details of the major actions fought on the Mesopotamian Front - present-day Iraq - during the First World War. These include the many epic struggles fought along the banks of the River Tigris; from the seemingly unstoppable advance of the British throughout to the resurgence of their Turk opposition in culminating in the British humiliation at Kut-al-Amara in April British fortunes revived however with the appointment of Sir Frederick Stanley Maude as regional Commander-in-Chief, as success after success finally led to complete British victory in the region in October Click here to view a map of pre-war Palestine and Mesopotamia. Saturday, 22 August, Michael Duffy. A "Communication Trench" was a narrow trench constructed at an angle to a defensive trench to permit concealed access to the defensive trench. Sponsored Links.
The British government decided to send troops to Mesopotamia present-day Iraq to protect the valuable oil fields near Basra. A British and Indian assault force landed there in November and achieved early successes against the Turkish troops of the Ottoman Empire, capturing first Basra and then Qurna. Well we opened up and cleared the village of course and it was burned down. The Turks were cleared back but we withdrew, because there was no intention to hold it at that time. And they were pounder guns they had, the Turks, very old type and not much of a worry really! Infantry would be a bit different for them, especially advancing in open desert which is not very funny. The Battle of Nasiriya in July was another defeat for the Turks.
First World War. Mesopotamia campaign. Between and , British and Indian troops fought against the Ottoman Turks in Mesopotamia (now Iraq).
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Turkey's entry into the war on 29 October immediately prompted Britain to open a new military front in the remote Ottoman province of Mesopotamia present-day Iraq. British and Indian troops, sent to the Persian Gulf in early November to protect British oil interests at Abadan , made rapid progress inland against weak Turkish resistance. In less than a month, they had occupied the towns of Basra and Kurna , capturing more than 1, Turkish prisoners and losing just 65 of their own men. Despite the unforgiving climate, British forces continued to march steadily up the River Tigris in By 28 September, under the leadership of General Charles Townshend , they had taken the town of Kut-al-Amara just miles south of Mesopotamia's major city, Baghdad. Scornful British estimates of Turkish fighting capabilities seemed to be amply borne out by events - witness, for example, the timorous surrender of 2, Turkish soldiers to a tiny British advance force in the garrison town of Amara in June