Vulnerability and resilience in human development

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vulnerability and resilience in human development

Human Development Report: 2014: Sustaining Human Progress - Reducing Vulnerability and Building Resilience by United Nations Development Programme

Over the last decades, most countries have improved levels of human development. But progress maybe slowing as uncertainty intensifies globally. This report examines vulnerabilities that endanger human development, focusing especially on the poorest. Most threats are structural and persistent and linked with life cycle vulnerabilities. Identifying policy measures to reduce threats and increase human resilience is therefore a high priority. The report sets out synergistic proposals including universal public provisioning of basic services over the life cycle to maintain and strengthen human capabilities, full employment and social protection policies. It highlights collective action and international cooperation to address global vulnerabilities and ensure sustainable progress.
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Part 1 New perspectives on nature and nurture: nature, nurture and psychopathology - a new look at an old topic, Michael Rutter; early experience and the parent-child relationship - genetic and environmental interactions as developmental determinants, Rudolf Schaffer. Part 2 Longitudinal studies of vulnerability and resilience - assets and deficits in the behaviour of people with Down's Syndrome - a longitudinal study, Janet Carr; interactions between offspring and parents in development, Alexander Thomas and Stella Chess; escaping from a bad start - the individual's potential for development, Doria Pilling; vulnerability and resilience of adults who were classified as mildly mentally retarded in childhood, Stephen A. Richardson and Helene Koller. Part 3 Vulnerability, resilience, and rehabilitation from biological and psycho-social stress; reducing mental and related handicaps - a biomedical perspective, Joe Berg; rehabilitation of the dyspraxic adult, Robert Fawcus and Margaret Fawcus; vulnerability and resilience to early cerebral injury, Edgar Miller; educating children with severe learning difficulties - challenging vulnerability, Peter Mittler; resilience and vulnerability in child survivors of disasters, William Yule. Part 4 Responses to psychosocial stress: a useful old age, Don C.

Note: Search is limited to the most recent articles. To access earlier articles, click Advanced Search and set an earlier date range. Please enter the email address that you used to register on Polity. Your password will be sent to this address. Yet, people at all ages are also facing threats and challenges to their wellbeing, including by natural or human-induced disasters and crises. While every individual and society is vulnerable to risk, some suffer far less harm and recover more quickly than others when adversity strikes. The Report asks why that is and considers vulnerability and resilience through a human development lens.

This volume explores the human capacity for resilience despite the experience of adversity in early life. The book is a celebration of the contribution Ann and.
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1. Introduction

When children show healthy development in spite of adversity, it is called resilience., Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more.

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Advances in developmental resilience science are highlighted with commentary on implications for pediatric systems that aspire to promote healthy development over the life course. Resilience science is surging along with growing concerns about the consequences of adverse childhood experiences on lifelong development. Resilience is defined as the capacity of a system to adapt successfully to challenges that threaten the function, survival, or future development of the system. This definition is scalable across system levels and across disciplines, applicable to resilience in a person, a family, a health care system, a community, an economy, or other systems. Resilience science suggests that human resilience is common, dynamic, generated through myriad interactions of multiple systems from the biological to the sociocultural, and mutable given strategic targeting and timing. Implications for pediatric practice and training are discussed. Evidence continues to accumulate on the short- and long-term risks to health and well-being posed by adverse life experiences in children, particularly when adversities are prolonged, cumulative, or occurring during sensitive periods in early neurobiological development [ 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 ].

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