Imprudent King: A New Life of Philip II by Geoffrey ParkerPhilip II is not only the most famous king in Spanish history, but one of the most famous monarchs in English history: the man who married Mary Tudor and later launched the Spanish Armada against her sister Elizabeth I. This compelling biography of the most powerful European monarch of his day begins with his conception (1526) and ends with his ascent to Paradise (1603), two occurrences surprisingly well documented by contemporaries. Eminent historian Geoffrey Parker draws on four decades of research on Philip as well as a recent, extraordinary archival discovery—a trove of 3,000 documents in the vaults of the Hispanic Society of America in New York City, unread since crossing Philip’s own desk more than four centuries ago. Many of them change significantly what we know about the king.
The book examines Philip’s long apprenticeship; his three principal interests (work, play, and religion); and the major political, military, and personal challenges he faced during his long reign. Parker offers fresh insights into the causes of Philip’s leadership failures: was his empire simply too big to manage, or would a monarch with different talents and temperament have fared better?
10 Insane Facts About Philip II of Macedon, the Father of Alexander the Great
He was held captive in Thebes as a teenager and it was here where he learned his remarkable military and diplomatic skills. Five years after his return to Macedon, Philip became regent for King Amyntas IV but he was able to secure the crown for himself within a few months. Over the next 23 years, Philip enjoyed some incredible victories and a handful of defeats as he expanded his kingdom. During that period, Philip transformed Macedon from a struggling state with a weak military into one of the strongest kingdoms in Europe. He had planned to expand into Persia by the time of his death in BC but his son, Alexander the Great, took up the mantle and produced the single greatest set of conquests the world had yet seen.
He was born in Valladolid , and was the only son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and his wife to live until he was an adult. He was Catholic. His rule was filled with troubles that caused him to be harsh on his people and other nations. For the first seven years of his life, Philip moved between different castles with his mother. In he moved into a private house in Salamanca to start his schooling. His mother died in and he took her body to Granada , where his great-grandparents Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella were buried. He left Spain in and moved to the Netherlands , where his father's family was from.
2: He ascended the Macedonian throne in 359 BC
Philip II - 04 - The Kingdom United
Philip II B. He suppressed his feudal barons, forged a professional army infused with a national spirit, and developed novel military tactics. Philip cherished his Greek heritage. Some Greeks, especially the hostile Athenian Demosthenes, disclaimed his and the Macedonians' claim to membership in the Greek race and labeled Philip a barbarian or non-Greek. This left him with a marked inferiority complex.
Alexander the Great would not be the famous military leader we remember him as today if it had not been for the actions of his father, Philip. Philip had spent much of his adolescence serving as a hostage of foreign powers: first at the court of the Illyrians and then later at Thebes. Greatly weakened, the kingdom in BC faced the threat of invasion from several enemies: the Illyrians, Paeonians and Thracians. Through both diplomatic skill big bribes mainly and military strength, Philip managed to face down these threats. Philip transformed his army from a backward rabble into a disciplined and organised force, centred around the combined use of infantry, cavalry and siege equipment.
Whilst married to Queen Mary I he would also become King of England and Ireland, but this was only for a short time, although he harbored hopes of securing another marriage to retain his grip on England by proposing to Elizabeth I his deceased wife's sister King Philip II was also the Lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands. The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Philip II of Spain. King Philip II of Spain Fact 3: Having spent many years living in the Netherlands during the initial years of his reign, he decided it was time to return to Spain. King Philip II of Spain Fact 5: By the time Philip became King, his father Charles V, had left the country in dire straits and a debt amounting to thirty six million ducats and caused him to default many times on loans. King Philip II of Spain Fact As per the terms of the marriage agreement, Act for the Marriage of Queen Mary to Philip of Spain, he would enjoy the titles bestowed upon him through his marriage but only for as long as the marriage lasted. They would be joint signatories on Royal documents and England would not be permitted or obliged to support any war involving Spain.