Hundred Days: The Campaign That Ended World War I by Nick LloydIn the late summer of 1918, after four long years of senseless, stagnant fighting, the Western Front erupted. The bitter four-month struggle that ensued-known as the Hundred Days Campaign-saw some of the bloodiest and most ferocious combat of the Great War, as the Allies grimly worked to break the stalemate in the west and end the conflict that had decimated Europe.
In Hundred Days, acclaimed military historian Nick Lloyd leads readers into the endgame of World War I, showing how the timely arrival of American men and materiel-as well as the bravery of French, British, and Commonwealth soldiers-helped to turn the tide on the Western Front. Many of these battle-hardened troops had endured years of terror in the trenches, clinging to their resolve through poison-gas attacks and fruitless assaults across no mans land. Finally, in July 1918, they and their American allies did the impossible: they returned movement to the western theater. Using surprise attacks, innovative artillery tactics, and swarms of tanks and aircraft, they pushed the Germans out of their trenches and forced them back to their final bastion: the Hindenburg Line, a formidable network of dugouts, barbed wire, and pillboxes. After a massive assault, the Allies broke through, racing toward the Rhine and forcing Kaiser Wilhelm II to sue for peace.
An epic tale ranging from the ravaged fields of Flanders to the revolutionary streets of Berlin, Hundred Days recalls the bravery and sacrifice that finally silenced the guns of Europe.
Hundred Days Offensive
The Germans retreated to the Hindenburg Line , but the Allies broke through the line with a series of victories, starting with the Battle of St Quentin Canal on 29 September. The offensive, together with a revolution breaking out in Germany , led to the Armistice of 11 November which ended the war with an Allied victory. The term "Hundred Days Offensive" does not refer to a battle or strategy, but rather the rapid series of Allied victories against which the German armies had no reply. The Germans had advanced to the River Marne , but failed to achieve their aim of a victory that would decide the war. The Germans, recognising their untenable position, withdrew from the Marne to the north. For this victory, Foch was granted the title Marshal of France. After the Germans had lost their forward momentum, Foch considered the time had arrived for the Allies to return to the offensive.
Canadians entering the Square in Cambrai, France, October, This publication is available upon request in alternate formats. PDF Version. Canada made great contributions and sacrifices in the First World War. The First World War was fought from to and was the bloodiest war the world had ever seen up to that time. After the outbreak of the war, the fighting in France and Belgium soon turned into a stalemate of trench fighting. Machine guns, snipers and artillery made breaking the enemy defences very difficult.
The Hundred Days Offensive, also known as the Advance to Victory, was a series of Allied successes that pushed the German Army back to the battlefields of In the Second Battle of the Marne 15 July-6 August , the Germans once again failed to deliver a decisive blow and on 18 July the Allied counter-attack, led by the French, pushed them back again. The Marne was to be the last German offensive. The Allies now seized the initiative. Cooperation was a significant factor in the success of the offensive. He directed overall strategy which ensured a coordinated approach by the French, British and American armies. The Hundred Days Offensive actually spanned 95 days beginning with the Battle of Amiens on 8 August and ending with the Armistice on 11 November
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BBC - The First World War 10/10 War Without End
Spring to the Summer there had been a massive Successful German offensive in the central part of the Western Front primarily focused at the French and British troops. The Germans had avoided the Canadians as they feared them as perhaps the deadliest force in the war. The Entente need the Canadian forces to push back the Germans so are secretly moved south to the city of Amien. Amien changes the war. The Germans had advanced too far and were unable to defend their gains. The Canadians push at the German lines and have great successes. This is fast moving warfare with tanks, planes, troops and artillery working together.
During this period a series of sequential Allied offensives finally broke through German resistance and compelled the German army to seek an armistice. Following the Allied counter-attack at the Second Battle of the Marne 15 July — 6 August , the British, Belgian, French and American armies mounted a series of offensive operations that drove the German army from their great gains of the spring and forced the German government to seek peace. Beginning at the Battle of Amiens on 8 August and continuing at varying levels of intensity until the Armistice of 11 November, the Hundred Days — actually only a total of ninety-five days — marked the final, climactic campaign of the First World War. The Hundred Days was not initially intended to be a war-winning campaign. At a meeting of Allied Commanders-in-Chief on 24 July, the Allied Generalissimo , Marshal Ferdinand Foch , proposed taking advantage of German disarray following the Second Battle of the Marne by securing a number of key logistical hubs primarily the Amiens railway junction and the Paris-Avricourt line at Chateau-Thierry. However, owing to the success of the Anglo-French operation at Amiens — which drove up to eight miles into the German lines south of the Somme River — Foch began formulating a more ambitious series of plans.
Much has been written about the Great War, and a great deal on the Australian Imperial Force and its operations. Now Will Davies, bestselling author of Beneath Hill 60 and Somme Mud , explores, in vivid detail, the last days and the Australian contribution to final victory in November In March , with the fear of a one-million-man American army landing in France, the Germans attacked. In response, Australian soldiers were involved in a number of engagements, culminating in the Second Battle of Villers-Bretonneux and the saving of Amiens, and Paris, from German occupation. This victory, and the tactics it tested, became crucial to the Allied victory after 8 August, the 'black day of the German Army'. On this day the major Allied counteroffensive began, with the AIF in the vanguard of the attack.