Muhammad bin Qasim / ???? ?? ???? by Naseem HijaziUmmayyad ruler Hajjaj Bin Yusuf sent his Nephew, General Muhammad Bin Qasim, to rescue pilgrims who had been captured when Raja Dahirs forces from Sindh, Indus River Valley, attacked their ship. Muhammad Bin Qasim conquered Sindh introducing Islam to South Asia and giving Sindh the title of Bab-ul-Islam (The Gateway of Islam). He ended unjust treatment of the so-called untouchable caste and incorporated the ruling class in his administration to establish law and order in the region.
Muhammad Bin Qasim
Muhammad bin Qasim was born and raised in the city of Ta'if in modern-day Saudi Arabia. When Muhammad was still young, his father was appointed governor of Basra , a growing cosmopolitan city, that widened Muhammad's horizons. Al-Hajjaj is said to have been fond of Muhammad and the latter spent some time with him in the Iraqi capital of Wasit. Al-Hajjaj presumably educated Muhammad in military and administrative affairs, which proved invaluable in course of time. Muhammad bin Qasim married Al-Hajjaj's daughter Zubaidah, giving him an even closer relationship with Al-Hajjaj as the father-in-law. Bin Qasim's first assignment was in the province Fars in Iran, where he was asked to subjugate a group of Kurds.
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Governor of Fars
However, the facts surrounding this conquest, and the ill fate that followed for the conqueror is known to few among us. It was after Muhammad Bin Qasim had conquered Sindh and had marched further ahead that locals started joining the Arab forces due to poverty and joblessness. According to Dr Mubarak Ali, the Arabs started ruling under the umbrella of an ancient elite class, thus their behaviour towards the lower and humbler communities never changed. As such, the taking over of the reigns of Hind and Sindh by the Arabs never changed a thing for the already oppressed and victimised classes of society, which is claimed to be the focus of Islamic governance. Chachnama , a Sindhi book published by the Sindhi Adabi Board in , speaks of Muhammad bin Qasim's demise on page to
Muhammad bin Qasim was born around AD. He belonged to the Saqqafi tribe; that had originated from Taif in Arabia. He grew up in the care of his mother; he soon became a great asset to his uncle Muhammad Ibn Yusuf, the governor of Yemen. His judgment, potential and skills left many other officers and forced the ruler to appoint him in the state department. He was also a close relative of Hajjaj bin Yousuf, because of the influence of Hajjaj, the young Muhammad bin Qasim was appointed the governor of Persia while in his teens, and he crushed the rebellion in that region. There is also a popular tradition that presents him as the son-in-law of Hajjaj bin Yousuf. There are both long and short term causes for the conquest of india.
He was born in the city of Taif in modern day Saudi Arabia. Qasim's conquest of Sindh and Punjab laid the foundations of Islamic rule in the Indian subcontinent. A member of the Thaqeef tribe, which is still settled in and around the city of Taif, Muhammad bin Qasim's father was Qasim bin Yusuf who died when Muhammad bin Qasim was young, leaving his mother in charge of his education. Muhammad bin Qasim married his cousin Zubaidah, Hajjaj's daughter, shortly before going to Sindh. According to Wink, Umayyad interest in the region was galvanized by the operation of the Mids and others.