Elizabeth I Quotes (Author of Collected Works)
Elizabeth I is one of England's greatest monarchs — perhaps the greatest. Her forces defeated the Spanish Armada and saved England from invasion, she reinstated Protestantism and forged an England that was a strong and independent nation. But she had a very difficult childhood and was fortunate to make it to the throne at all. She was stripped of her inheritance and was imprisoned in the Tower of London. News of her birth causes rejoicing across the country, but is a bitter disappointment to her father Henry.
She even promoted the cult of virginity that was to form the substance of her legend. For four centuries, historians have speculated as to why Elizabeth never married. In her own day, her decision to remain single was considered absurd and dangerous. A queen needed a husband to make political decisions for her and to organise and lead her military campaigns. More important, she needed male heirs to avoid a civil war between rival claimants after her death. There was no shortage of suitors for the Queen's hand, both English courtiers and foreign princes, and it was confidently expected for the best part of 30 years that Elizabeth would eventually marry one of them.
Position under Edward VI and Mary
Queen Elizabeth I Wiki Commons. From the moment Elizabeth became Queen, there was one question that everyone was asking - who will the Queen marry? It was assumed that one of the first things Elizabeth would do, would be to select a husband to help her govern the realm, and more importantly, to get her pregnant. Elizabeth was the last of her dynasty, and it was thought natural that her main concern would be to provide a child to perpetuate the rule of the Tudors. Elizabeth was young, unlike her sister who was already into her late thirties when she became Queen, and there were high hopes that soon England would have a royal family again. Without an heir of the Queen's body, the future would be uncertain, and many feared that the rival claims of Henry VII's distant relatives, would plunge the country into a bitter civil war should Elizabeth die without a legitimate child to succeed her.
Elizabeth I began her reign on 17th November as a young woman of only 25 years of age. Of those beheaded of treason and adultery was that of her own mother, Anne Boleyn, on 19th May , when Elizabeth was not quite three years old. Philip soon returned to Spain, and Mary never saw him again. However, Elizabeth was careful not to make the same disastrous mistake as her sister, that of marrying a Catholic foreign prince. It was this reason, which her councillors later used in when Elizabeth thought of marrying the Catholic French prince, Frances, Duke of Alencon. Within months, Catherine died in childbirth on 5th September , and Thomas was now free to marry the year-old princess.
Her half-brother, Edward VI , ruled until his death in , bequeathing the crown to Lady Jane Grey and ignoring the claims of his two half-sisters, Elizabeth and the Roman Catholic Mary , in spite of statute law to the contrary. Edward's will was set aside and Mary became queen, deposing Lady Jane Grey. During Mary's reign, Elizabeth was imprisoned for nearly a year on suspicion of supporting Protestant rebels. In upon Mary's death, Elizabeth succeeded her half-sister to the throne and set out to rule by good counsel. One of her first actions as queen was the establishment of an English Protestant church, of which she became the Supreme Governor.